On the 26th of September 2017, Emmanuel Macron delivered his speech at Sorbonne University. His unhidden goal was to put pressure on the negotiations and contracts concerning coalition and the EU programs in Germany. Although half a year passed, the formation of the German Government proved to be cumbersome and slow. Since then Macron barely made any progress in achieving his European goals.

The French Prime Minister delivered a speech at the Sorbonne University. It divides his European concept into three major subjects: He envisioned a sovereign and united democratic Europe. At the moment of his speech, several of his suggestions were theoretically controversial or debatable in details. Such idea was the plan of the Multispeed Union. So, those who wants to move forward, would be able to do that institutionally without waiting for the rest. Furthermore, the idea of the European Commission consisting 15 members only; the goal of the introduction of the European parliamentary lists, standing above nations; and the concept of tax harmonization. The French Prime Minister’s Migration Package also belongs here, because of its significance. It aims at joint border defense and common asylum policy, while accelerating the deportation process of the rejected asylum seekers. (The French Government wants to accept only refugees, who are in need of protection, instead of economic migrants. It is strongly emphasized in France.) 

Macron has a widely-known basic reform-strategy on the Eurozone. These very important ideas (Eurozone budget, parliament and minister of finance) were not only mentioned in his election program, but in a much more philosophic speech as well, in September 2017. It was symbolically delivered at the Acropolis, in Athens. In this speech, he stated that sovereignty is required for Europe. He referred to certain issues (E.g. climate change, migration, solving the issues behind migration, terrorism, financial crises), which cannot be solved in the national framework. A situation is undesirable when the stronger America or China declares the rules instead of Europe. He wants to transform the Eurozone into a more competitive economic power against the United States and China. Europe also has to be powerful diplomatically and militarily in the world. According to his viewpoint, the mindset of the European elite has broken away from the needs of the European people. At this point, the French Prime Minister has referred to the Brexit and the referendum in the Netherlands in 2015. He thought that Europe can not be built with absurd rules and without keeping the people’s will in mind (He used the word “absurd” several times).

Consultations and reconciliations among member states got going by the time of this article was written. These are meant to compensate the democratic deficit: The French Prime Minister emphasized that Europe has to be democratic. He referred to the Greek heritage many times, also the significance of culture and the importance of defending the civilization. The consultations have started, but the enthusiasm of the German partner is modest. The German Christian Democrats (CDU) are against the reform plans of Macron in the Eurozone, because they worry about the German budget and resources. They are afraid of the new set of rules, along with the foreign decision, which may effect their financial properties. On the 19th of April, 2018, Angela Merkel met Emmanuel Macron in Berlin. The French and the German parties did not seem to agree in the issues described above. During the press conference, Merkel was talking about compromises and European debates. Her words were clearly indicating that the French will have to ease concerning certain topics. (This is a typical behavior at debates about Union). Based on the statements, Macron seems to be open for compromises regarding the issue of migration (by accepting the point of Merkel), in case Merkel “delivers” the German concord regarding the Macron Plans, at least in details. Currently, the chance progress in “details” is the highest: domestically Merkel is not strong enough to go against her own party, no matter what she personally thinks about the reforms of the Eurozone. The suggestions based on the German-French compromises will arrive on the 19th of June, during the next French-German summit. On the 29th of June, the “Engine of the Union” will bring these suggestions to the leaders of the other European countries. The situation will likely be heated: The Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Mark Rutte emphasized the importance of the German-French cooperation; however, Europe is not only built up by Germany and France. (He is certainly not alone with this opinion.) Therefore, Merkel and Macron will have to convince 25 other member states about their compromise, after they will have finished it with each other. This is a promise for an exciting debate.

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