The clear increase in the role of continents and large regional power zones in the global economy and global politics is one of the key aspects of the new multi-polar age of today. Geostrategic thinking and the establishment of power zones in larger regions are becoming more important to the major powers and large emerging markets than before. “Empire thinking” has returned into the geopolitical endeavours of the great powers as their main component. How will the “Pax Americana”, i.e., “the US Empire” be structured spatially in the 21st Century? What role is envisaged for the Central and Eastern European region, including Hungary, in the “Pax Russica”, i.e., “the Russian Empire” developing on the Eurasian continent?
Although a multi-polar world and a new global order are developing, the decades-long Cold War conflict, ended at the beginning of the 1990s, still continues to exist in our political approach and in the concepts we apply to the analysis of international relations. The world has been unable to break away from the Cold War associations and, in fact, 2014 seems to have marked the beginning of a new era reminiscent of that Cold War. In this situation the contrast between the West (Euro-Atlantic power zone) and East (Russia) is becoming clearer. The West, which still believes it holds the position of the leading power, introduces ever newer economic sanctions against Russia and is surprised by Russia’s ability to respond and by Russian national self-awareness, as well as by Russia’s declared independence and the fact that its independent geopolitical strategy is now much stronger than it was just a few years ago.
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